Deciding on a display as a PC gamer can prove to be a haunting task, given the number of displays on the market claiming to be classified for gaming. In order to make this a simpler process for our fan-base I will guide the audience through the most common types of displays in a brief and efficient manner.
First of all, the type of technology being in each display used will differ from one to another. Known as the panel, this stands to be the defining factor as to how well the final output of the image is produced as well as the performance properties of the display itself. The three most common panels are TN, IPS and VA. While each of these will differ within the quality of the image produced, the primary performance properties resides within the response times.
Not to be confused with refresh-rates (see here for resolution in our PC graphics guide), the response time is defined by how fast a pixel takes to change from one colour to another, measured in milliseconds. This is also known as grey-to-grey with the lower response times providing the best possible image and a lag-free experience, with higher response times delivering increased blur.
As the number one choice for eSports players and those who game on a regular competitive basis, despite the negative aspects of poor viewing angles TN panels offer the best performance. Going as low as 1ms within its response times, the Twisted Nematic design of the display affords competitive players an incredible advantage. While it’s by no means a suitable choice for professional design users requiring accurate colour reproduction and consistent viewing from different angles and distances, it does provide superb back-lighting and high levels of brightness from a direct viewing angle.
Known as In-Plane-Switching, this type of display produces a greater viewing angle and representation of colour compared to that of a TN display, albeit with a select few shortcomings. Proving to be a greater choice for image editing software as well a casual gaming, IPS technology offers accuracy and consistency within each individual pixel along with specific models delivering a higher depth of colour. For those who take-part in competitive gaming requiring improved response times and higher refresh rates TN panels prove to be the superior choice regardless of the enhanced colours produced by IPS. Allowing for response times as low as 4ms, while IPS technology may not appeal to eSports players, those who still game to an enthusiasts level as well as those of a casual nature will still find IPS technology to be an amazing experience, with designers and those using image editing software regularly finding many benefits from the panel.
Serving as middle-ground between TN and IPS technologies, the Vertically Aligned technology of this display is great for both professional users and gamers alike. Producing improved performance over an IPS panel while still retaining a level of image quality that’s almost on par- VA technology offers high refresh-rates and low response times. Where colour-shifting properties hold familiarity with TN panels, the rich colour reproduction and great levels of black allow for improved details in darker scenes with better viewing angles than a regular TN.
As the relationship between height and width, a standard display is measured as 16:9. This means an image measuring 16 inches wide will have a height measurement of 9 inches. As the size of the display continues to increase it will adhere to this measurement of scaling. Within this 16:9 aspect ratio a display classified as Full HD will have a pixel count of 1920 (width) by 1080 (height). Starting to rise in popularity, Ultra Wide displays also known as Cinema Displays offer an increase in width, providing an aspect ratio of 21:9. For a Full HD resolution on a 21:9 display, the pixel count will consist of 2560 (width) by 1080 (height). This amounts to around 30% more pixels than a standard 16:9 Full HD display. This proves great for games supporting this aspect ratio, with movies in particular since the majority are shot with an Ultra Wide lens, before being cropped to a 16:9 viewing angle.
For a full range of PC gaming displays check our entire selection at Dino PC.